Haji Ali Mausoleum
Haji Ali Mausoleum is situated on the Arabian Sea opposite the Mahalakshmi Temple in Mumbai. It is the tomb of a wealthy Muslim merchant, who renounced all his worldly belongings and meditated on a nearby headland before embarking on a pilgrimage to Mecca. According to the legends, Haji Ali died on the pilgrimage to Mecca and his casket floated back to Mumbai on this very place. His devotees constructed the mosque and the tomb in the 19th century AD. The dargah is connected to the mainland by a causeway, which gets submerged during monsoons. Thousands of pilgrims swarm this place to seek the blessings of Haji Ali.
Pilgrimage Destinations of Christians in India
Basilica of Bom Jesus
The church of Bom Jesus is in old Goa.
Bom means 'Good' or 'Infant' and the church is known mainly for the tomb of St. Francis Xavier. In 1946, this church received the honor to be the first Minor Basilica in India. It is the most outstanding example of baroque architecture in India. The body of St. Francis was brought to Goa almost 150 years after his death and now it lies in an airtight glass coffin, placed inside a silver casket. The basilica is visited by thousands of Christian pilgrims as well as tourists every year.
Church of St. Catejan
Some Italian mendicants of the Order of Theatines built the Church of St. Catejan. They were sent by Pope Urban III to promote Christianity in the kingdom of Golconda. When they were not allowed to work in Golconda, they came and settled in Goa and acquired the site in 1655 AD by the Royal Order. The church was built in the 17th century and was inspired by the original design of St. Peter's Church in Rome. The church is built reflects Corinthian architecture from interior as well as exterior while the gilded altars with rich carvings reflect baroque architecture.
Church of the Sacred Heart
The Sacred Heart Cathedral is located near the Gole Post Office in Delhi. Though not very old, it is one of the attractive churches in India. It is visited by the Christian population of Delhi. Designed and executed by Henry Med, a partner of Sir Edwin Lutyens, the church was the dream of Father Luke of the Franciscan First Order. The church celebrates festivals of Christmas and Easter. The church also participates in social work for the depressed classes of the society.
Santa Cruz Basilica
Santa Cruz Basilica is located at Kochi or Cochin in Kerala. There was originally a church built by the Portuguese and elevated to a Cathedral by Pope Paul 1V in 1558 AD. The Dutch conquerors, which destructed many Catholic buildings, spared this structure but later the British demolished the church. Bishop Dom Gomez Vereira gave permission to build a new building in 1887 AD. Santa Cruz was sanctified in 1905 AD and was elevated to a Basilica by the Pope John Paul II in 1984.
Cathedral Church of St. Thomas
St. Thomas Church is located in the commercial fort area of Mumbai. The foundation of the church was laid in 1672 AD and was opened on the Christmas Day in 1718 AD. It was the first Anglican Church of Mumbai built during the governorship of Gerald Aungier to improve the moral standards of the growing British settlement. Though simple in style, the church is decorated with some artistic decoration. The church was elevated to a cathedral in 1837 AD.
Little Mount is locates in Saidapet in Chennai. St. Thomas lived and preached here when he visited India. Built over a hillock, the church attracts attention for its unusual circular shape. The new church was consecrated in 1971. The pilgrims throng the old church built in 1711 AD as extension to shrine built by the Portuguese in 1511 AD..