Shigmotsav Festival in Goa
Goan Festivals - The Shigmotsav or Shigmo is a prominent Hindu festival in Goa.
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The majority of population of Goa is Hindu which explains the ardor with which the variety of the Hindu festivals is celebrated in Goa.
Shigmotsav or Shigmo is a festival of colors and the celebrations extends to five days. Shigmotsav or Shigmo is celebrated in the villages with gusto and has a lot of similarity with Holi or Spring festival.
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The celebrations assume a big proportion in Panaji, Mapusa, Vasco-da-Gama and Margao.
During Shigmotsav or Shigmo, a parade dance is performed by the traditional folk dancers who are joined by the street dancers. The dancers carry hand-crafted floats that have mythological and religious
significance. Shigmotsav or Goa Shigmo Festival is celebrated in March. The time of the celebration coincides with the Carnival. There are two varieties of the festival, the Dhakto Shigmo and the Vodlo Shigmo.
Dhakto Shigmo is celebrated by the agriculturists, the labor class and the rural population. Dhakto Shigmo means ‘small Shigmo' which implies that the celebrations are on a smaller scale.
The Vodlo Shigmo or the ‘big Shigmo' is jointly celebrated and everybody participates in the festivities irrespective of class. Vodlo Shigmo begins with Holi Purnima and extends to five days.
Introduction to Shigmotsav Festival in Goa
Goan Festivals - A festival of the masses, Shigmotsav or Goa Shigmo Festival is celebrated in various parts of the country under different names and in different ways.
In Goa likewise, the Shigmotsav or the Shigmo Festival is celebrated in a unique fashion which essentially spells fun and frolic.
The Shimgmotsav bids farewell to winter and is celebrated on the full moon day in the Phalguna month(March), the last month of the Hindu Calendar.
Description of Shigmotsav Festival in Goa
In Goa, the festival of Shigmotsav starts with ‘Naman’, when the villagers offer a complete obeisance from the 9th moon day to the full moon day and abstain from any kind of non vegetarian food or intoxicants.
It is from the 11th to the 15th moon day when the villagers dress themselves in colorful clothes and celebrate the different hues of spring by displaying multi colored cloths, torans, flags and red ‘Dwajas’.
They beat their drums and play the flutes to add music to the whole colorful ambience. The 5th day is the ‘Rang-Panchami’ when everyone celebrates with ‘Gulal’ or red colored powder and throw the color at it each other to greet the coming of spring.
The festivities associated with Shigmotsav Goan Festivals or Shigmo include the singing of the ritualistic choral songs and dances that are performed amidst the village gathering. The dance is accompanied by two types of songs, the Naman and the Jot.
Dol and drums feature prominently in the performances. Shigmotsav Goan Festivals or Shigmo is wrapped up with a collective bath.
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