Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the month of 'Magh' and is a harvest festival. It is a celebration of spring on the occasion of the incline of the sun to the north. Makar Sankranti in Karnataka is a day of goodwill and friendship.
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In Karnataka, men, women and children get dressed up in colorful garments visit friends and relatives and exchange pieces of sugarcane, a mixture of fried til, molasses, pieces of dry coconut, peanuts and fried gram as a symbol of love and warmth.
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The meaning of this exchange is that sweetness should triumph in all the dealings. As part of the festival, cows and bulls are given a wash and the horns are
decorated with bright colours and adorned with garland, and are taken in a procession in the village to the adjunct of pipes and drums. In the night a bonfire is lit and the animals are made to jump over the fire and play a game.
Makara Sankranti in karnataka marks the beginning of the sun's journey to the Northern Hemisphere (Makara raasi), signifying the onset of Uttarayana Punyakalam, and is a day of celebration all over the State. The day begins with people taking holy dips in the waters and worshipping the Sun.The dip is said to purify the self and bestow blessings. Special puja is offered as a thanksgiving for good
harvest. According to folklore, girls who take the holy dip get handsome husbands and boys get beautiful brides.Basically Festivals in Karnataka is celebrated for three days.
The day before the auspicious day is known as Bhogi.On this day, early in the morning, old items in the house such old clothes, broken furniture are set on fire.
The Makar Sankranti Festival is celebrated in the month of 'Magh' according to the Indian calendar. The festival also has a social significance as it is a harvest festival. It celebrates the advent of spring
after the winter season on the 'ascent' of the sun to the north. It is mostly celebrated among the people of the Hindu community.
In the morning of the day of Makar Sankranti, people take holy dip in the waters and later pay their homage to the sun. People of the Indo-Gangetic plain take bath in the River Ganges and offer water to the Sun God. The dip is considered to purify one self and bestow punya or peace. Special puja or worship is also done as a method of thanksgiving for good harvest.
The two most important ingredients needed in the worship in the Makar Sankranti Festival are til and rice. People residing in the states of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal cook various traditional delicacies with rice. The main festival of Makar Sankranti is mostly celebrated in the Gangasagar Mela. Thousands of people from various parts of the country come here to take holy bath in the confluence of the River Ganges and the sea.
On the day of the Sankranthi, people wear new clothes and visit temples to celebrate the harvest. The third day is known as Kanuma .