Tamil Nadu Wildlife Sanctuaries
Tamil Nadu's topography is characterized by its variety and diversity. Nearly 18% of the total land area comprises of forests that sprawls over the plains and the mountain slopes.
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Thorn forests, dry, deciduous forests, mangroves and scrubs are what thrives in the driers patches.
The cooler regions and the Western Ghats are blessed with moist deciduous, wet, evergreen forests and grasslands.
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Probably because of this beatitude of Nature in the form of vast swathes of forested area that Tamil Nadu boasts of the presence of seventeen
wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks.
The topography of Tamil Nadu is delightfully varied and diverse. Of the 1,30,058 sq-kms land area, 17.6% is covered with forest area. These spread over the plains and on mountain slopes. Dry lands are bestowed with dry-deciduous forests, thorn forests, scrubs and mangroves
The varied and diverse topography consists of dry-deciduous forests, thorn forests, scrubs and mangroves of the dry lands, the moist deciduous, wet evergreen forests and grasslands of the Western Ghats and the cooler regions, 5 National Parks and 17 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu.
Some of the popular wildlife sanctuaries are the Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, Mundanthurai Tiger Sanctuary, Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary, Kunthakulam Bird Sanctuary, Kalakadu Wildlife Sanctuary, Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, Viralimalai Sanctuary and Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary.
The Tamil Nadu Wildlife Sanctuaries are a safe haven for some of the endangered animal species.
For more detailed info on the individual wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, browse the following links
Indira Gandhi Sanctuary
Point Calimere sanctuary
Srivilliputhur Giant Squirrel Sanctuary
Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary
Snake Park Guindy
Mudumalai wildlife reserve is a continuation of the Bandipur National Park. The river Moyar that flows along the border or Tamil Nadu and Karnataka separates the two. The Mysore - Ooty highway runs through the park. The 321 sq. km. reserve is situated in Tamil Nadu
Mudumalai wildlife reserve is a continuation of the Bandipur National Park. The river Moyar that flows along the border or Tamil Nadu and Karnataka separates the two. The Mysore - Ooty highway runs through the park. The 321 sq. km. reserve is situated in Tamil Nadu Mudumalali wildlife reserve was the first sanctuary in south India.
The terrain is extremely varied with hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps. The vegetation comprises of tropical moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and scrub forests. Compared to the nearby reserves, the climate is warmer in Mudumalai.
Langur, bonnet macaque, tiger, leopard, wild dog, hyena, jackal, sloth bear, elephants, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, Indian muntjac, mouse deer, wild boar, rodent and flying squirrel are part of the wildlife in Mudumalai. It has a rich bird life that includes Malabar trogan, Grey hornbill, crested hawk eagle, crested serpent eagle, etc.
The best time to visit the reserve is from February to June. The sanctuary can be reached by road. The nearest railway station is Udakamandalam. The nearest airport is Coimbatore. Accommodation can be arranged at forest rest house, guesthouses at Masinagudi, Kargudi, Abhayaranyam and Theppakkadu.
Flora (Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary)
The vegetation is quite varied in this region. The hilly terrain of the Western Ghats, clothed in dense mixed and moist deciduous forests, make Mudumalai (the ancient hills) a most attractive wildlife reserve. Bamboos (Bambusa Arundinacea) Natural teak (Tectona Grandis), Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia, Crenulata/Terminalia Tomontosa, Grewia, and blooming trees like Indian Labumusum, Aredesia, Solanancea are some of the flora.
Fauna (Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary)
The fauna include Elephants, Gaur, Banner, Macaque, Common Langur, Tigers, Leopards, Chital, Panther, Sloth Bear, Python, Barking Deer, Four Horned Antelope, Otter, Crocodiles (Mugger), Giant Flying Squirrel, Sambar, Hyena, Wild Dog, Wild Boar, Mouse Deer, Spotted Deer, Jackal, Hare, Porcupine and Mongoose.
The birds listed in this sanctuary are Peacock-our National bird, Grey Jungle Fowl, Red Spur Fowl, Grey Partridge Quails, Goggle Eyed Plower, Malabar Whistling Thrush, Large
Racket-Tailed Dronge, The Magpie-robin, Spotted Babbler, Small Green Barbet, Green Pigeons, Brown Dove, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Bulbuls, Mynahs, etc. Among birds of prey, Eagles, Hawks, Buzzards, Harriers, Falcons and King Vulture are predominant, besides some migratory water birds.
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